Most people assume there are two types of life insurance – term life insurance and whole life insurance. but there’s more to the different types of life insurance than that.
When you decide to purchase something, choices are usually a good thing. However, choosing from the types of life insurance in Canada isn’t like deciding what flavour of ice cream to try for dessert. Each option offers different benefits AND drawbacks. And we regret to inform you there are no pistachio flavoured policies available when planning your financial security.
We’ve listed the 5 different types of life insurance available in Canada and compare them so you are a little more prepared to make a big decision.
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Term life insurance is a straightforward insurance product that covers you for a specified length of time, called a term, and pays a set amount to your beneficiaries if you die, within the term. There are different term lengths (such as 10, 20, 25,30 years or up to age 65) available.
What is the benefit of covering you for a specific period of time? Your insurance death benefit is able to cover most of your insurance needs that are temporary in length. This could include your outstanding mortgage or coverage for your children’s education. Because of this very reason, the rates are usually more affordable for term life insurance.
Whole life insurance covers you for life and there is an investment or cash value component associated with your policy. This is also sometimes called permanent insurance. As you pay into your policy over time, it builds investment value.
You can cash out the value of your whole life insurance policy to supplement your retirement income or help pay expenses. In some cases you can borrow against the value of a whole life insurance policy. This insurance usually has a higher premium, since you are covered for your entire life.
Limited pay whole life insurance is similar to whole life, except the payment term is specified, perhaps for 20 or 30 years. Once you pay premiums for the specified time, the life insurance is guaranteed without paying additional premiums. This policy typically has the highest insurance costs since premiums are front-loaded.
Universal life is similar to whole life insurance, except there is a self-directed long term investment component. Your insurer gives you options for investing the cash value of your policy so it can be considered a way to save for retirement. If you are a savvy investor or mindful of estate planning, you may find this is a more appealing option; it does require more hands-on activity than other life insurance coverage options.
Term to 100 insurance is a whole life policy that doesn’t have a cash-out option, so it only pays upon your death (making it a little cheaper). It offers a bridge between term and whole life insurance. Plus, if you make it to 100 years, you’ll no longer be required to pay premiums and can still retain the coverage.
What is the best type of life insurance for me?
Finding the perfect life insurance can be a challenge and the answer isn’t always straightforward. Check out our life insurance calculator to see what sort of coverage you need and start researching term life insurance policies that best fit your lifestyle, financial plans, and budget.