Mortgage Insurance Vs Life Insurance
Mortgage insurance pays off a mortgage debt in the event the borrower passes away while the principal loan is still outstanding. However, a better alternative is mortgage protection through a term life insurance policy; it can offer more flexible protection than mortgage insurance and cost considerably less.
Have you recently purchased a home or refinanced your mortgage? If so, you have probably opened your mailbox or email inbox to find several offers for mortgage insurance. Many people confuse mortgage insurance with other products, like mortgage default insurance. Before you make a choice, look at mortgage insurance vs life insurance for your protection needs.
There are a lot of good reasons to purchase life insurance in the first place, as anyone with young children or other dependents knows. Life insurance protects your family and loved ones if anything unexpected happens to you. But it’s not the first thing on new homeowners’ minds when thinking about protecting their new purchase.
What is mortgage default insurance?
Mortgage default insurance is a mandatory insurance policy required when the down payment for your newly purchased home is above 5% but less than 20% of the value of your home. This insurance is offered to protect the lender or financial institution, in case you as the borrower are unable to make the mortgage payments for any reason. In Canada, mortgage default insurance is currently offered by two entities: Genworth and Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC).
On the other hand, mortgage insurance is a product that you elect to purchase for a very specific reason. What is that you ask?
What is mortgage insurance?
Mortgage insurance is an insurance policy, generally offered by your lender, that pays off the mortgage should the borrower die, while the principal on the loan is still outstanding. A mortgage insurance policy (sometimes referred to as a mortgage life insurance policy) requires a fixed cost premium payment by the borrower to cover a reducing mortgage debt for the benefit of your lender until the mortgage balance is paid. With mortgage insurance, the lender is covered. However, it doesn’t fully protect you or your needs. Our experience as insurance professionals shows there are other products that do a much better job of protecting your mortgage.
Read our full review of the Best Mortgage Insurance Companies in Canada.
Are there alternatives to mortgage insurance?
YES! As mentioned, mortgage life insurance entails a fixed cost payment that covers a diminishing mortgage debt for your financial institution until the mortgage is paid. The alternative to mortgage life insurance is mortgage protection through term life insurance. It can better protect your investment and the life you’re building for your loved ones.
What is mortgage protection insurance?
Mortgage protection insurance is an insurance policy offered by insurance companies that protects the borrower through a term life insurance product. It offers a lot more flexibility than traditional mortgage insurance. Term life insurance can be tailored in a way to make certain that families can pay off the mortgage balance and also provide coverage for many other needs, in case an income earner passes away. Typically, you can choose between a range of terms such as 10-, 15-, 20-, or 30-year term to closely match the length of time you have left to pay off the mortgage.
How much mortgage protection do I need?
You would generally buy at least enough mortgage protection coverage to pay the balance of your mortgage. According to this CBC piece, the average Canadian owes about $200,000 on their mortgage, while Statscan says it is closer to $160,000. Either way, in cases like these mortgage protection through life insurance can make sure that a surviving spouse and children will be able to keep the family home, even if the homeowner dies unexpectedly.
Through term life insurance you have the option to consider a policy with a death benefit larger than your mortgage to cover other such obligations as your child’s education, other debts, and living expenses for survivors. Our insurance calculator can help you determine the amount of life insurance you need.
Choosing Mortgage Insurance Vs Life Insurance
Sure – there are some small advantages to mortgage insurance; we would be remiss if we didn’t mention them. As it is offered by your lender, you pay for it when you make your monthly mortgage payments – no need to worry about missing it. That said, is this small convenience worth thousands of dollars? Because that’s what you’ll be overpaying for the same amount of coverage over the life of your mortgage.
Another supposed advantage of your bank-offered mortgage life insurance – there is no underwriting when you purchase. You qualify instantly without a medical exam. The caveat here is that the mortgage insurance is not a guaranteed coverage and is only underwritten at the time of filing of a claim, so your estate might find out after your death that you weren’t covered as well as you thought or maybe not covered at all. Besides the unfortunate circumstances around an early death, having to deal with the duress of further investigation into that death is stress your loved ones do not need at that time.
Read our full review of the Best Life Insurance Companies in Canada.
6 Reasons Why Term Life Insurance is Better for Mortgage Protection
1. Lower premiums
Mortgage insurance premiums offered by your bank are usually higher than term life insurance premiums. And that’s not all: lender-option premiums also increase periodically with age.
While the procedure for applying for a lender-provided policy may appear simpler, it ends up increasing your cost of insurance. Much more work goes into the diligent underwriting of life insurance, thus the insurance company knows more about the risk of covering you, and is able to give a more accurate and lower price.
2. Guaranteed coverage
When you get life insurance the insurance company guarantees your coverage, independent of any changes in your health or lifestyle choices after the policy has been approved.
Insurance offered by your bank is not guaranteed for the term of your loan. Any adverse changes in your health can cause your bank to deny you a renewal of your coverage. Worse still, the underwriting for mortgage insurance is done at the time of the claim and the bank can decline your coverage if they learn that your health was not in line with their expectations at the time of taking the policy.
3. Life insurance is portable
With lender provided insurance, selling your current home and buying a new one, refinancing your home through a different lender, or even renewing your mortgage with your existing lender, requires buying new insurance policies. The mortgage dependent policy does not move or ‘port’ along with your mortgage. That’s a benefit only available with life insurance, which stays with you for the length of the term.
4. Life insurance offers a consistent payout
As you pay down your mortgage debt, the amount of the mortgage insurance payout also goes down. A lower payout must mean lower premiums, right? No, your premium stays the same, even as your coverage reduces.
On the other hand, term life insurance policy amounts and premiums remain the same over the policy term. With term life insurance, the payout would be the same whether it is year 4 or year 24 of your amortization period.
5. You choose the beneficiaries of your life insurance policy
Life insurance pays out to the beneficiaries of your choice, most likely your family. It serves to protect them when you are no longer around. Mortgage insurance isn’t really designed to protect your family. It’s designed to ensure the lender receives their money, and the fact that your family may benefit from paying off the mortgage is secondary.
6. Flexibility in using life insurance proceeds
If you should die unexpectedly, perhaps paying off the mortgage isn’t your spouse or children’s first priority. They have no choice with a lender-provided life insurance policy, but with an individually-owned life insurance policy, they can decide on the best use of the proceeds. That might mean they use the money for a college education or paying off other debts.
Want to learn even more about mortgage insurance vs life insurance? Read our Honest Guide To Mortgage Insurance or schedule a call with one of our licensed brokers to discuss your specific protection needs. Even better: get a free instant quote for mortgage protection with our online tool – you only have to answer a few basic questions to get a clear picture of how much it may cost to protect your mortgage.
The information above is intended for informational purposes only and is based on PolicyAdvisor’s own views, which are subject to change without notice. This content is not intended and should not be construed to constitute financial or legal advice. PolicyAdvisor accepts no responsibility for the outcome of people choosing to act on the information contained on this website. PolicyAdvisor makes every effort to include updated, accurate information. The above content may not include all terms, conditions, limitations, exclusions, termination, and other provisions of the policies described, some of which may be material to the policy selection. Please refer to the actual policy documents for complete details. In case of any discrepancy, the language in the actual policy documents will prevail. All rights reserved.
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- Mortgage insurance pays off one’s mortgage in the event the borrower dies, but other products can do a better job at protecting a mortgage debt.
- A term life insurance policy can offer you better mortgage protection in a number of ways
- The policyholder chooses the beneficiary, and in turn the beneficiary can choose exactly how the benefit is used (paying off the mortgage, servicing other debts, handling final expenses, etc)